Chronic ankle instability is a condition characterized by a recurring giving way of the outer (lateral) side of the ankle. This condition often develops after repeated ankle sprains. Usually, the giving way occurs while walking or doing other activities, but it can also happen when you’re just standing. Many athletes, as well as others, suffer from chronic ankle instability.
People with chronic ankle instability often complain of:
Chronic ankle instability usually develops following an ankle sprain that has not adequately healed or was not rehabilitated completely. When you sprain your ankle, the connective tissues (ligaments) are stretched or torn. The ability to balance is often affected. Proper rehabilitation is needed to strengthen the muscles around the ankle and retrain the tissues within the ankle that affect balance. Failure to do so may result in repeated ankle sprains.
Repeated ankle sprains often cause—and perpetuate—chronic ankle instability. Each subsequent sprain leads to further weakening (or stretching) of the ligaments, resulting in greater instability and the likelihood of developing additional problems in the ankle.
In evaluating and diagnosing your condition, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask you about any previous ankle injuries and instability. Then the surgeon will examine your ankle to check for tender areas, signs of swelling and instability of your ankle as shown in the illustration.
X-rays or other imaging studies may be helpful in further evaluating the ankle..
Treatment for chronic ankle instability is based on the results of an examination and tests, as well as on the patient’s level of activity.
Non-surgical treatment methods may include:
In some cases, the foot and ankle surgeon will recommend surgery based on the degree of instability or lack of response to nonsurgical approaches.
Surgery usually involves repair or reconstruction of the damaged ligament(s). The surgeon will select the surgical procedure best suited for your case based on the severity of the instability and your activity level.
The length of the recovery period will vary, depending on the procedure or procedures performed.
If you are experiencing ankle pain or instability, schedule a consultation at Brooklyn Premier Orthopedics to have your condition diagnosed and evaluated.
Our team of podiatrist and orthopedic doctors will discuss your best available treatments options after your condition has been fully evaluated.