Physical therapy is a specialty in rehabilitation medicine where specially designed exercises and equipment help patients restore their normal physical activities. Physical therapy is advised when health problems hinder mobility and daily activities.
Physical therapists are trained physicians who guide patients through physical therapies. They assess and treat a variety of conditions that affect the physical function of adults and children. They are often able to relieve pain and help patients to resume daily activities. Physical therapists work in health care systems in both hospitals and communities.
Physical therapy can provide relief from long term health problems. The physical therapist may use exercise programs, manual therapy, education and other techniques such as heat, ice, ultrasound and electrical stimulation to provide rehabilitation. They evaluate and diagnose movement dysfunction and treat patients accordingly. Interventions may include therapeutic exercise, functional training, manual therapy techniques, assistive and adaptive devices, equipments, physical agents and electrotherapeutic modalities.
Physical therapy is recommended for various conditions, including:
- Back and neck pain
- Spine and joint conditions
- Heart and lung conditions
- Sports related injuries
- Neurological conditions
- Cancer related problems